What is Mastectomy? Know About Mastectomy

What is Mastectomy? Know About Mastectomy

A woman’s life has a substantial functional and emotional contribution from her breasts. It is very natural and understandable to be under tremendous stress and in doubt of several aspects involving breast cancer surgery.

Therefore, it is crucial to inspect the pros and cons of the procedure and be fully mentally prepared to undergo a Total or Partial Mastectomy.

Upon observing visible anomalous symptoms on the breasts like redness, stiffening, scaling, discharge, having a strong genetic background of cancer or being a cancer patient, one must consult a doctor immediately.

It is then through several tests like Mammogram, Ultrasound, Biopsy, MRIs and PET Scans that it is ascertained whether a Mastectomy Surgery will be required.

This surgery can be undergone in several ways and the surgeon’s team is capable of providing a list of options to choose from. These options may depend upon your desires, comfort, size of the patient’s breast, type of cancer and the affordable surgery packages available.

However, primarily, there are two kinds of surgery conducted:

Lumpectomy, which is also known as Partial Mastectomy wherein only a portion of the breast along with the underlying tissue area is removed. This can be performed in women at lower stages of cancer.

The cancer cells are not spread to large portions of the breast, but are concentrated in a specific region which is scooped out along with a part of the breast. Such patients undergo radiation therapy post procedure, to prevent regrowth of tumor.

Total Mastectomy, wherein the entire breast is removed. This is usually performed in women who are at higher risk stages with the cancer having spread to larger portions and also under the arms in the lymph nodes.

The underlying muscles of the chest are not removed. With the entire breast removed, there is reduced risk of recurrence of breast cancer, therefore radiation is not required in these cases.

There is also a third kind called Radical Mastectomy which is performed to remove the breast along with the lymph nodes under the arms.

Women now have the option to restore the shape of their breasts post Mastectomy by breast reconstruction, which may be undertaken immediately after the surgery or at a later stage. This must be mentioned and discussed with the breast cancer surgeon involved and a plastic surgeon, prior to the whole procedure.

This step in your life can be physically, mentally and emotionally draining. In order to help you cope with the impacts of the surgery, there are counselors available throughout the procedure. Also, the doctor’s team always makes sure that the patient is ready to undergo a critical surgery.

It is highly essential to understand the risks and complications that may follow despite a successful mastectomy. The cancer may have spread to other locations, or may still spread despite removal of the highly affected area of the breasts.

Our body has a natural way of coping with unusual and harsh circumstances, and soon your body will be suited to the newer conditions of your breasts and will allow you to lead a normal life within 2-3 weeks of the surgery.

However, you will be required to maintain strict standards of care to avoid any unnecessary complications. Regular examination is a must in order to remain in check and have a healthy life after undergoing mastectomy.

Editorial Team
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